Download 50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology. Shattering Widespread by Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio, et al.John PDF

By Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio, et al.John Wiley & Sons, Inc.|Wiley||Wiley-BlackwellAdult NonfictionPsychologyLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 21.01.2010Street date: 15.09.2011

50 nice Myths of renowned Psychology makes use of well known myths as a automobile for aiding scholars and laypersons to tell apart technological know-how from pseudoscience.

  • Uses universal myths as a car for exploring how you can distinguish genuine from fictional claims in well known psychology
  • Explores subject matters that readers will relate to, yet usually misunderstand, corresponding to 'opposites attract', 'people use simply 10% in their brains', and 'handwriting finds your character'
  • Provides a 'mythbusting equipment' for comparing people psychology claims in daily life
  • Teaches crucial serious pondering abilities via exact discussions of every fable
  • Includes over two hundred extra mental myths for readers to explore
    Contains an Appendix of priceless sites for interpreting mental myths
  • Features a postscript of exceptional mental findings that sound like myths yet which are precise
  • Engaging and obtainable writing type that appeals to scholars and lay readers alike

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Extra resources for 50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology. Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior

Sample text

We’ll not only shatter widespread myths about popular psychology, but explain what’s been found to be true in each domain of knowledge. We hope to persuade you that scientifically supported claims regarding human behavior are every bit as interesting as—and often even more surprising than—the mistaken claims. That’s not to say that we should dismiss everything the popular psy chology industry tells us. Many self-help books encourage us to take responsibility for our mistakes rather than to blame others for them, offer a warm and nurturing environment for our children, eat in moderation and exercise regularly, and rely on friends and other sources of social support when we’re feeling down.

Similarly, the early phrenologists “saw” close linkages between damage to specific brain areas and deficits in certain psychological abilities, but they were wildly wrong. Another probable example of illusory correlation is the perception that cases of infantile autism, a severe psychiatric disorder marked by severe language and social deficits, are associated with prior exposure to mercury-based vaccines (see Myth #41). Numerous carefully conducted studies have found no association whatsoever between the incidence of infantile autism and mercury vaccine exposure (Grinker, 2007; Institute of Medicine, 2004; Lilienfeld & Arkowitz, 2007), although tens of thousands of parents of autistic children are convinced otherwise.

In part, that’s because our raw perceptions can deceive us. For example, for many centuries, humans assumed not only that the earth is flat—after all, it sure seems flat when we’re walking on it—but that the sun revolves around the earth. This latter “fact” in particular seemed obvious to virtually everyone. After all, each day the sun paints a huge arc across the sky while we remain planted firmly on the ground. But in this case, observers’ eyes fooled them. As science historian Daniel Boorstin (1983) noted: Nothing could be more obvious than that the earth is stable and unmov-ing, and that we are the center of the universe.

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