Download A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, by David S. Mason PDF

By David S. Mason

Highlighting the foremost occasions, principles, and members that experience formed glossy Europe, this clean and full of life booklet offers a succinct heritage of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring subject of revolution, David S. Mason explores the motives and effects of revolution: political, financial, and medical; the improvement of human rights; and problems with ecu id and integration. He intentionally avoids an in depth chronology of each nation and period of time through emphasizing the main the most important occasions in shaping modern Europe. Fourteen concentrated chapters handle such topical concerns because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the economic Revolution; the theories and effect of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 international Wars; the chilly struggle and decolonization; and the evolution and growth of the ecu Union. Any reader wanting a huge evaluation of the sweep of eu historical past on the grounds that 1789 will locate this publication, released in a primary variation below the identify Revolutionary Europe, an interesting and cohesive narrative.

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Extra info for A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity

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But the overthrow of the old order in France had significance far beyond French borders for many reasons. In the eighteenth century, France was the most powerful country on the Continent, the most populous, and one of the most prosperous. French culture was admired and mimicked by the upper classes throughout Europe, and French was the language of the aristocracy and royal courts all over the Continent, including in Russia. The palace that France’s King Louis XIV (r. 1643–1715) built at Versailles in the seventeenth century symbolized the grandeur, wealth, and power of absolute monarchy, and monarchs in other countries modeled their own palaces after it.

They encouraged people to use their own critical reasoning to free their minds from prejudice, unexamined authority, and oppression by the church or the state. ” The motto of the Enlightenment, in Kant’s words, was therefore, “Sapere aude! ” The consequence of this appeal to reason, science, and self-reliance was, of course, a serious undermining of the authority of the established institutions of the old regime, particularly the church and the state. The principles of the Enlightenment were in some ways a continuation of the discoveries and theories of the Scientific Revolution in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, when scientific observation and experiments challenged and threatened the worldview and authority of the church.

New elections were called, and in September 1792, the newly elected National Convention scrapped the recent constitution, abolished the monarchy, and declared the establishment of the first French republic. 1 Women on the Revolution Women played an important part in the revolutionary events in France, including the march on Versailles to bring Louis XVI back to Paris, where he would be more accessible and accountable to the people. But the leaders of the Revolution were mostly men, and not all women were pleased with the accomplishments of the revolutionaries.

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