Download Aging and Life-Prolonging Processes by Prof. Dr. Vladimir Veniaminovich Frolkis (auth.) PDF

By Prof. Dr. Vladimir Veniaminovich Frolkis (auth.)

There is an Inca incantation which acknowledged stated approximately: "Lord, provide me non secular peace in order that i will be able to acquiesce to what i can't switch, supply me braveness in order that i will be able to swap what i will switch, and provides me knowledge in order that i will be able to distinguish one from the opposite. " evidently, this incantation should be usually repeated by way of any gerontologist, because it is especially tricky to tell apart getting older from the tactics which counterpoint the organism's viability, getting older from ailments, and the mechanisms of getting older in numerous species of animals. in response to N. surprise, who compiled a beneficial bibliography of the works on getting older, greater than 43,000 works on gerontology were released within the final decade. Why can we proceed to disagree with each other and carry that an important mechanisms are nonetheless mostly unknown to us inspite of that stream of knowledge and a big variety of proof? what's it that we don't understand? may possibly it's that we don't comprehend the only sacramental truth that could clarify every thing, resembling the hormone of getting older, the programmed triggering of a suicide gene, the looks of a distinct poisonous agent within the axoplasmic circulate of gear, etc? Goethe as soon as wrote scientist frequently holds definite elements, yet regrettably he lacks their sacred link.

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In their review, Rockstein and others (1977) have shown that all these examples are an exceptional phenomenon. Most species of animals continue to live after their progeny are born, after they lay eggs, and so forth. They age not because reproductivity diminishes; their reproductivity diminishes because they age. As the age changes grow, the organism is eliminated from the population. There is another possibility, which is quite real and which has been proved on the basis of much factual material.

Thus, the species life span is a function of ontogeny as an intricate interaction between vitauct and aging, and not simply the rate of aging, which is erroneously believed to begin with the loss of reproductivity. This loss is not the beginning, but rather the result of aging. Researchers seem to be divided in their evaluation of the aging mechanisms. Some researchers believe that aging is a genetically programmed process, i. e. the outcome of the natural sequence of the repression and depression of genes that causes the succession of various stages of aging.

During this time, it flies, pairs in the air, lays eggs and dies. Comfort (1964) gives data on the substantial difference in the life span of the fecundated and non-fecundated specimens of the butterfly Fumea crassiorella. The Pacific salmon is known to die after spawning, which entails great stress. However, its life span was prolonged by ovariectomy and adrenalectomy, which prevent that stress from developing. Consequently, Kogan (1972) believes that aging and death are the active destructive functions of the organism, i.

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